A blood bank is a place where blood is collected from donors, stored, and prepared for transfusion to recipients. Blood banks first separate the collected blood into its
components and then prepare them for transfusion to patients. A blood bank may be a separate establishment or part of a laboratory or a hospital.
Each unit of blood bank is separated into different components, such as red blood
cells, plasma, and platelets and various blood products such as cryoprecipitate.
Cryoprecipitate is prepared from plasma. Blood Bank components can last from 5 days to
a year or more.
Blood transfusion is the process of introducing a donor’s blood or its components into
another individual’s body. In 1665, Richard Lower, an Oxford physician carried out the
first blood transfusion on a dog. In 1667, Jean-Baptiste Denis in France, reported
successful transfusions from sheep to humans.Blood Bank In 1818, a British obstetrician,
Dr. James Blundell, carried out the first successful human blood transfusion for treating haemorrhages. In 1840, another British doctor, Samuel Armstrong performed the first successful whole blood transfusion for the treatment of haemophilia.
international Red Cross
the international Committee of the Red cross (ICRC) is a private humanitarian institution. It
RU 163 at an intermational meeting at Genevs Seritverland. Ir was established by Henrie Donare banker. Its main aim was to provide first aid wars without any discrimi nation. It consists of societies of trained volunteers in different countries.
Karl Landsteiner, a biologist and physician, developed he modern system of classification of blood groups the ABO system, in 1901. His system was ba the identification of th agglutinin
the ABO Was larstem: A, B, AB, and O. The ABO system of the presence of proteins ns, in blood. There are four types of blood in system: A, B, AB, and O. The ABO system oroteins, caled ter ado or blood transfusion and ble 1937 with, He also identified the Rh factor in blood in with Alexander S. Wiener.
Charles Drew was an American doctor He made man observations and did research on
blood plasma and blood transfusion and also developed the technique of blood plasma
preservation He separated the liquid red blood Bank cells from the solid plasma and froze both of them separately. He found that blood could be preserved longer this way. He also established the American Red Cross Blood Bank and the world’s first blood bank campaign called ‘Blood for Britain’. Under this campaign, blood plasma was supplied to wounded people during World War II. In 1941, the American Red Cross Society established the blood donor stations to collect blood plasma for armed forces of the United States. Charles Drew
received the Spingarn Medal in 1944 for his contributions to medical science.
Earlier blood banks
The first facility functioning as a blood bank was established in a hospital in Leningrad, Russia, in 1932. Bernard Fantus established the first hospital blood bank in the United States in 1947. He was the director of therapeutics at the Cook County Hospital in Chicago, Illinois. Fantus coined the term ‘blood bank’ for a hospital laboratory that could
preserve and store a donor’s blood.Blood Bank In 1947, the American Association of Blood Banks (AABB) was formed in the United States.